Chromium OS on a Dell Mini 9

Update 2/21/2013:  I’ve just installed the February 20, 2013, build.  Pretty much the same experience although the interface feels slicker.

My poor Dell Mini 9 has had more operating systems installed on it then is probably good for it.  It arrived with Ubuntu 10 four years ago.  It has run every Ubuntu release since then as well as Windows XP and Windows 7, often dual booting between one of the former and one of the latter.  I recently upgraded to a larger laptop but am loathe to get rid of the Mini 9.  It’s a work horse and is still a powerful little netbook, particularly if I stay on a lightweight (non-bloated) OS like Ubuntu.

I decided I would see if I could run Google’s Chromium operating system on it.  I am a heavy cloud user and also spend nearly all my online time in Chrome, Google’s Web browser.  In fact, from what I can tell, I’m the ideal candidate for using Chromium, which synchronizes with my Chrome settings and bookmarks and leverages Linux knowledge.

The first steps were to grab a Chromium image.  You can try them out from a number of sources but the ones that kept coming up were Hexxeh’s Vanilla and Lime images and Dell’s own images for the Mini 9 and 10.  I ended up choosing the Dell image for December 2011 – they have more recent ones – after trying one of the Lime images.  I hit an initial obstacle in that I didn’t have wireless active within Chromium and I wasn’t going to use the netbook on a strictly wired basis.  I found some tips that suggested older builds might be better so that’s why I went with the December version.

In fact, I probably didn’t need to but there you go.  I downloaded the file and followed the instructions to extract the .img file to my hard drive.  You can do this on either Windows or Ubuntu and there are lots of how tos available so I won’t belabor this step.  In essence, you are going to save the .img file to a large USB drive, wiping out everything else on that drive, so that you can boot from the USB and run Chromium.

Note, you can run Chromium without installing it.  You can log in with your Google username and password and experience Chromium.  When you restart your computer without the USB drive in it, you will see whatever operating system was there before.

I booted up using the USB and, as with the Hexxeh build, got the Chromium start screen but without wireless support.  I plugged in my Ethernet cable and was able to continue.  It then prompted me for my Google username and password and – because I use two-step authentication – my verification code.

Now I could utilize the other information I’d gathered along the way.  The first was to install Chromium so that it would start up without a USB drive.  To do this I hit CTRL-ALT-T which took me to a strange command prompt – the screen goes black except for this prompt crosh>.  Type install and hit Enter.  It may prompt you for a password.  I tried both of the ones that I have seen – facepunch and dell1234 and the latter one worked – and Chromium’s installation proceeded.

It is dumping the image contents from the USB drive onto your hard drive.  It is wiping everything else on your hard drive out so be sure this is what you intend.  When it is finished, as the installation script itself says, pull out the USB key, cross your fingers, and restart.

My system started right back up.  The first start – whether with the USB or just after installation – takes nearly 2 minutes.  This is a one-time occurrence.  I logged in again as before.  This time, though, I was going to activate the wireless drivers.

Hit CTRL-ALT-T to get to the crosh> prompt.  Now type shell and hit Enter.  The prompt will change to a more familiar Linux prompt.  Now you can run the command to install the wireless drivers:  sudo /etc/ and hit Enter.   If you are prompted for a password, it is the same one as the one you used to install Chromium (facepunchdell1234, or whatever).  If you are not familiar with sudo, it is the power user’s account for Linux and allows you to do things you might not otherwise be allowed to (or want to) do.  Windows 7 users will be familiar with it as the Administrator’s account.

Your wireless network should now be active.  Click on the little Ethernet logo on the top right corner of your Chromium screen and you should now see your wireless network listed there.  Click on it and you’re ready to go.

Once I’d connected to wireless, I unplugged from my wired Ethernet and started to customize.  The first thing I did was to set up my synchronization with my Google account and it immediately downloaded the theme I was using, my bookmarks, my Chrome extensions and other items from the Webstore, recent browsing history, the whole kit and caboodle.

The only thing I couldn’t figure out was how to shut down!  Ha!  I closed all the tabs, and the Web browser Chrome would normally shut at that point.  Not Chromium.  All of that folderol is now under what is normally your Options menu (the small wrench): shut down is at the bottom.  I restarted with wireless and my account synchronized to make sure everything was working.

This time the reboot took 16 seconds, contrasted with that first 120 seconds.  In fact, it’s the fastest boot up I’ve ever had, even with Ubuntu.  I’m not ready to suggest this is better than Ubuntu but it’s certainly a positive when the whole point of this machine is going to be quick access to the Internet.  I’m looking forward to playing around with it more and, as more of the Google applications get offline options, to add those in.

David Whelan

I improve information access and lead information teams. My books on finding information and managing it and practicing law using cloud computing reflect my interest in information management, technology, law practice, and legal research. I've been a library director in Canada and the US, as well as directing the American Bar Association's Legal Technology Resource Center. I speak and write frequently on information, technology, law library, and law practice issues.


  1. Thank you for all the time and effort put in making this guide. I used it successfully to install the Dell image for April 2012 on my Mini9 (2 GB ram, 64 SSD). I wanted to add I had an SSD issue with the Mini9 staring up with a black screen after the install to the hard drive, I was able to find this solution on the message boards.
    Install to HD then reboot and login with your account
    • Start a terminal with CTRL-ALT-T
    • >shell
    • >sudo -s and give password dell1234
    • >cd /media/removable/External Drive 2/syslinux/
    • >vim usb.A.cfg
    • Change root=/dev/sdb3 to root=/dev/sda3
    • Press esc
    • :wq to save the file
    The vim editor is a bit tricky at first. It works in several distinctive modes, three of which you need to know: normal mode (to navigate through the text), insert mode (to edit the text) and command mode (to give commands such as save a file and exit the program).
    Initially you are in normal mode and can only browse through the text. While in normal mode put the cursor at letter “b” in “root=/dev/sdb3″ sub-string. Now go into insert mode by press “i” key (Insert key also works, but not always). When you are in insert mode change the sub-string “root=/dev/sdb3″ so it reads as “root=/dev/sda3″. Exit the insert mode by pressing Esc button. Now you need to save your changes – for this go into command mode by typing “:” followed by “w” (short for “write”) and “q” (short for “quit”) and press Enter – your file will be saved and vim will be closed.
    Then exit the shell and shutdown. Your next boot should be USB free.

    Not my work, but it worked great. I also found that if you are looking for more info “Google” Chromium and Chrome OS, both should give you answers. Thanks again for this article.

    1. Nice catch! I had the same issue. It’s one of those head scratchers, isn’t it? I couldn’t tell if it was something that could have been fixed in the installation package or just one of those things that users have to figure out.

      Good luck with your install. The only hardware that doesn’t seem to respond is my SD memory reader, and the mouse is awfully sensitive!

  2. The mouse IS awfully sensitive, thanks for the heads up on the SD card; one of the functions of this travel laptop is to move files off SD cards to USB for safekeeping for me. I have not found any solutions so far.
    I am having some issues with brightness, the slider does not work with the mouse but the function buttons do. It is a bit grumpy when it comes out of sleep, and no way to change that setting that I have seen so far.
    It has promise to give an old laptop I am too fond of new life though, Thanks again

    1. You might take a look at something like the Sandisk Micromate. I had one previously (sometimes part of an SD card bundle) but it allows you to read your SD memory from a USB port. With it, I don’t notice the lack of the built-in reader.

      1. Just followed the instructions here to install, was met with the black screen, followed the instructions in the comments for the vim editor, and am now booting up usb-free. Fantastic! Thanks!

  3. fyi – just followed the exact same process to install on an old Dell Inspiron 1525 that had xubuntu on it. I am writing from it as I type 🙂 Awesome so far.

  4. I got up to this point : >cd /media/removable/External Drive 2/syslinux/

    Then it says there is no such file or directory.

    Using a Dell Mini 10v


    1. Hmm. Can you cd to each directory individually (cd /media and then cd removable, cd “External Drive 2” (External Drive 2), &c)?

  5. Anyone else notice hibernate issue with the latest Dell build on a Mini 9? E.g. I leave the lid open, the screen goes black, I use the touchpad, it comes back to life, as opposed to; shut the lid, open the lid, use the touchpad, nothing happens. No way to resume after closing lid while it is running?

  6. did you know that Dell has a new version of Chrome released today?
    20-Feb-2013 12:42 313M

    1. Thanks for letting me know! For anyone else reading the comments, here’s the direct link:

      1. Thanks for the link – I know what I’m doing this weekend 🙂

  7. […] to ‘activate’ access to wireless networking. The process is documented by user David Whelan ( Thanks, […]

  8. i have an hp mini 1000 (this was the only install I could get wifi to work with. I followed your instructions and everything looks great, except the track pad. When i put the usb mouse in, the trackpad works, but it won’t let me click on anything (with the trackpad or buttons). Any ideas? Thank you.

    1. No, nothing to suggest. I know the mouse/track pad have been hinky ever since my first attempt. Sometimes they work and others they don’t. You might try going back to a slightly older build – like February – or looking for a fix like this one from Arnold the Bat for a Synaptic mouse

  9. Hi, thank you for your article and tutorial. About chrome os, how about software updates so we always received the latest software? Is it always update?

    I have dell mini 9 with 2 GB ram and 8GB ssd storage and recently i tried ubuntu and it so great for dell mini 9. But because it must upgrade to new version every year (i didn’t install the LTS (Long Term Support) version), so i must search a better os. So right now i’m using Linux Mint 13 (Maya) with XFCE, it so smooth and perfecly match for my dell mini and it supported for software updates until 2017. Now i’m not worried about “updates os version” again 🙂

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